Border Collie Inherits $5 Million Trust

A recent news article at CNN reports on a Nashville Border Collie who is the subject of a $5 million trust. That’s a lot of balls, frisbees, sheep, and treats for the lucky BC. It turns out that when Bill Dorris, a successful businessman, died last year, he left a provision in his will to create a trust that ensures his Border Collie, Lulu, is taken care of for the rest of her life. He chose a friend, Martha Burton, who often took care of Lulu when Mr. Dorris went on trips, to take care of Lulu and to receive a reasonable monthly amount for that care. Not many more details are known, and that’s because trusts are not public documents. A will can be read by the public because it goes through the court system when it is probated. But a trust is generally private, and only the trustee who administers it and those mentioned in the trust know the details.

Is it legal to leave a Border Collie a large amount of money like that? While it is legal to create a pet trust in all 50 states, leaving Lulu such a large amount could potentially be a legal issue. Depending on the specifics of Tennessee’s pet trust law, a beneficiary under Mr. Dorris’ will might contest the large amount. If that winds up being the case, the excess money will be combined with the rest of the estate and go to the beneficiaries.

When making a pet trust, keep the following points in mind:

  • Make sure the amount of money is reasonable;
  • Choose a responsible person to care for the animal and discuss your decision with that person;
  • Include alternate individuals in case your first choice can’t care for your animal and dicuss our decision with those people;
  • Clearly list the care you want for your animal, such as the kind of food, toys, and veterinary care you expect to be provided; and
  • Provide details about the distribution of the remaining amount of money should your pet die before all of the money is used for his or her care.

Contact me today to add a pet trust to your estate plan!

This blog post is for educational purposes only. It does not create an attorney-client relationship. Seek an attorney’s advice for your specific situation. 

What is Intestate?

wills trusts estate planningLet’s back up a minute. What happens if you die without any estate planning at all? No will, no trust, nothing. If this happens, then you die intestate. Several things happen if you die intestate.

Your estate must go through probate if you die intestate. This means the court must get involved to rule on the distribution of your assets because whatever possessions and property you have must, by law, be distributed. If you die without a will or trust, then Massachusetts law dictates how your assets will be distributed. You will not have any say in the matter. The loved ones you leave behind will have to pay legal and court filing fees for probate, will have to wait a long time for your assets to be distributed, and will find that whole process — including what was in your estate and who it goes to — is part of the public record for anyone and everyone to see.

When you die intestate, who gets your assets and how much depends on factors such as whether your spouse survives you, whether your parents survive you, and whether you have any surviving descendants. The intestacy statute( MGL c.190B, §§ 2-101 et seq) also has some explanations that you might not want applied to your estate. For example, relatives of the “half-blood” inherit the same as relatives of the “whole blood.” (MGL c. 190B, § 2-107) In addition, you may have heirs born after your death if they were in gestation at a certain time. (MGL c. 190B, § 2-108) As you can imagine, it can get a bit complicated.

How best to avoid this? Get an estate plan, even if it’s just your incapacity documents and a simple will. That is the best way to make sure your wishes are followed and those you care about are taken care of the way you want.

You Get What You Pay For

estate planning wills trustsAwhile back, I had a potential client contact me about creating her estate plan. She was well aware that she or her husband might have to go into a nursing home at some point, and she did not want to lose her family home to Medicaid if that happened. I discussed with her at length what I thought would be the best estate plan I could draft to suit her needs. She thought it sounded great and after discussing horses – she had horses in her childhood – I hung up from our conversation and sent her the requested engagement letter and invoice. When I didn’t hear from her after several days, I called to see if she had received the email, and if she had any more questions. Well, she was beside herself. Her husband did not want to do the estate plan because he heard from a neighbor that all they needed was a $150 will by a Suze Orman, the popular celebrity financial advisor. There were no incapacity documents. There was no revocable trust to avoid probate. Perhaps most importantly, there was no Medicaid trust to keep their home safe if one of them needed to go into a nursing home. I think about this family a lot. I worry they might very well lose their family home because the husband listened to a neighbor who listed to a Ms. Orman who is not an attorney (the fine print on her documents says to consult an attorney) instead of talking with a Massachusetts estate planning attorney.

You have invariably seen will forms in office stores, like Office Depot or Staples. You have probably seen websites that provide discounted legal services, such as LegalZoom or Rocket Lawyer. You have probably been tempted by all of them because they are cheaper than an attorney. All these services have fine print disclaimers right on the will form, warning you to see an attorney. There’s a reason for that. Here are some of the dangers of using those services.

1. State law

It is imperative that your estate plan comply with state law. In Massachusetts, we don’t have living wills. We have an advance directive, which is very similar, but it cannot be legally enforced. It is still important to have one so that your health care proxy and medical team know your wishes concerning end of life but it’s not the same as in other states. In addition, Massachusetts, unlike many states, has an estate tax. If your assets total more than one million dollars, the estate tax applies to the entire amount. You may not think you have that amount in assets but your home can easily put you over it because of the high cost of real estate in Massachusetts. You need an attorney to help you navigate these waters and make a plan that suits your situation.

2.  Medicaid

medicaid trust family matriarchIf you have to go into a nursing home, you may wind up paying upwards of $100,000 a year or more for care. For this reason, many people rely on Medicaid to help out. Medicaid may try to reach your assets after you die to pay for that care. One route they take is to try to get the family home. If you don’t have an Irrevocable Medicaid Trust, you may lose your home. This trust is a complicated legal document that you should have an attorney draft to make sure it can withstand an attack from Medicaid.

3.  Questions and Answers

Let’s face it, the law can be intimidating and confusing. Throw in topics like incapacity, death, and family issues, and it can just be overwhelming. That’s where a good estate planning attorney can really help you out much better than a blank form from an office store or a bland, online legal document company. I get to know my clients and their individual situations. I give them options that they don’t even know exist. I help them consider tough issues, like ways to reduce family discord over assets. I am not only an attorney. I am also a counsellor at law. I take time to talk to you about your situation and what the best tools are that fit your situation.

Yes, you’re going to pay more to talk to and work with an attorney than you will buying a form from an office store or using an online legal service. But that time with the attorney is well worth it. The last thing you want to do is go to your estate planning documents when you need them and find that you will lose your home to Medicaid or pay huge estate taxes because that online legal service didn’t advise you about your state law. Protect yourself, your family, and your assets by using an attorney for your estate plan.

Let’s Start at the Very Beginning

estate planning wills trustsIf you’ve a fan of the Sound of Music, you are probably singing along right now, aren’t you? Well, as the song says, the beginning is a very good place to start.

What is Estate Planning?

Estate planning sounds like it’s for very rich people who have a lot of property to give away and estate taxes to avoid. The truth is that estate planning is for anyone who has reached the age of majority, which is 18 years old in Massachusetts. It has two very important parts to it. One is your incapacity documents, which allow for medical treatment and the handling of your business and financial affairs if you are ever incapacitated and can’t make those decisions for yourself. These documents include your health care proxy, HIPAA release, advance directive, and durable power of attorney.

The second part of estate planning concerns what happens to your assets when you die. There are different legal tools you can use, such as a will or trust, to make sure that your assets go to the people or charities you want them to go to. It can be as simple as a will that leaves everything to one person, or it can be more complicated. For example, you may need several trusts to lower your estate taxes and save your home from being lost to Medicaid.

The primary goal of any estate plan is to do the best to make sure your wishes are honored, whether it’s during a time of incapacity or after your death. An estate planning attorney like myself can provide you with the legal options for your situation and also talk to you about what may work best in your situation when all the factors are considered. That is why it is vitally important that you work with an attorney and not try to do your own estate plan or download documents form a legal factory online. More about that topic in the next blog post.


Respecting Aretha Franklin’s Wishes

You may have seen the latest headline about Aretha Franklin’s estate. Not one, not two, but three handwritten wills have been found and submitted to the court. There are several reasons why this news is so important. When Ms. Franklin died, it was reported that she had no estate planning. Generally speaking, that means she died intestate, and the state law where she was a resident, Michigan in this case, decides how her assets are divided. With the discovery of three handwritten wills, the court now has to decide if any of the wills are actually valid under state law, and if so, which one controls how Ms. Franklin’s estate is divided. Not all states recognize handwritten (and I mean actually handwritten) wills, so that will be the first question the court has to address. Next, if handwritten wills are valid in Michigan, the court will have to decide if Ms. Franklin created the wills properly under state law. For example, some states require two witnesses to a handwritten will. If that is the case in Michigan, the court will determine if the wills meet that requirement. Third, the court will have to determine which will is the one that Ms. Franklin executed last because, presumably, that will should state that all other wills are null and void.

The presence of a will also means that someone can contest the will. What that means is that a person can claim the will doesn’t really reflect what Ms. Franklin wanted done with her estate. How can that happen if she wrote the will herself? Well, there could be a claim that it’s not her actual handwriting and that someone forged the will to make it look like she wrote it. Someone could also claim that she did not have capacity to write the will, which might mean a claim that she suffered from dementia. Another claim could be that she was unduly influenced or coerced into writing the will. It will be interesting to see what happens with the wills.

Is a handwritten will valid in Massachusetts? Yes, if it meets certain criteria. Should you write one instead of consulting with an estate planning attorney, such as myself? Probably not. You don’t know if your will or other estate plan meets state law requirements and is valid if you don’t consult an attorney. There are also many considerations that go into deciding what kind of estate plan is best for you. Let’s look at Ms. Franklin’s situation again. Let’s assume that at least one of the wills is valid. Depending on how much her estate costs, she may have to pay a lot in federal estate tax that could have been avoided if she had the proper estate planning, such as a trust. In Massachusetts, we have a state estate tax, so you have to really be careful that your estate doesn’t have to pay that tax when you die. In addition,  wills are public documents. If Ms. Franklin had executed a trust, then the distribution of her assets would have remained private.

There are many considerations – legal, tax, and otherwise – when creating an estate plan. Contact me today, and we can discuss the different possibilities that can protect you, your family, and your assets. Call me at 617-991-8905 or email me today!

One more reason to love Grandmas

medicaid trust family matriarchIn the 1960s, anthropologists developed a “Man the Hunter” theory of human social evolution that just happened to mirror Western ideas about family structures and division of labor that were prevalent at the time. In this theory, survival of the group depended on large hunts by cooperating groups of men, with women taking the job of processing the meat, hide, and bones into food, clothing, and other necessities. Now new research, carried out largely by women scientists, strongly suggests a very different picture – one in which women gathered most of the food eaten by early hunter-gatherer people. And once women had children, the person who brought in the most food of all was . . . Grandmother.

That’s right: a whole group of different researchers in several different fields is uncovering strong evidence of something many of us have experienced in our own lives: that it’s often women who reliably support and feed their children, and that grandmothers have a particularly important role in ensuring the survival and well-being of the youngest generation. Researchers even think this pattern may have played a key role in human evolution! You can read more about this research in “Why Grandmothers May Hold The Key To Human Evolution,” an article by John Poole on the NPR website. And if you’re a mother or grandmother who contributes major support to the care and well-being of your child or grandchild, know you are in proud company.

Remember to make provisions to continue that care if something happens to you. Preparing a will and other documents that protect those who depend on you is easy and low-hassle. Contact me to learn more.